A Prophet Says Farewell
In the tenth year after the emigration (Hijra) the Holy Prophet Muhammad (may Allah bless him and give him peace) went to the Holy City of Makkah for Hajj.
There he spoke to over 140,000 Muslims, who had travelled from far and wide, on the Plain of Arafat and there he delivered his farewell speech to them. After praising and thanking Allah the Holy Prophet made a beautiful speech, most of which is written below;
Oh People! Listen to me attentively,
for I know not whether, after this year,
I shall be amongst you again.
Therefore listen to me very carefully
and tell these words to those who could not be present here.
Just as you regard this month, this day
and this city as Sacred,
So regard the life and property of every Muslim
as a Sacred Trust.
Return the goods that are entrusted to you
to their rightful owners.
Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.
Allah has forbidden you to take interest (usury), therefore all interest obligations shall
henceforth be waived.
Although, your capital is yours to keep.
You shall neither inflict inequity nor suffer it…..
….Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion.
He has lost all hope that he will ever be able
to lead you astray in major things,
so beware of following him in lesser things.
It is true that you have certain rights
with regard your womenfolk,
but they also have rights over you.
Remember that you have taken them as your wives
only under Gods trust
and with His permission.
If they respect your rights
then you must fulfil their rights
to provision in kindness
Treat your womenfolk well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers
And it is your right
that they do not make friends
with those people
whom you don’t approve
and that they remain chaste.
Listen to me in earnest!
Perform you five daily prayers
Fast in month of Ramadan
Pay Zakaat (annual alms)
And perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All humankind is from Adam and Eve!
An Arab has NO SUPERIORITY over a non-Arab,
nor does a non Arab have superiority over an Arab.
A white person has no superiority over a black one,
nor does a black person have superiority over a white one;
except through the means of piety and good deeds.
Learn that every Muslim is a brother
to every Muslim and that the Muslims make up
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah
and answer for your deeds.
So Beware! Do not stray from righteousness
after I am gone.
No new Prophet or Apostle will come after me
and no new (true) faith will be born.
Reason well, therefore, oh people
and understand the words which I convey to you
I leave behind me two things
and my example, the SUNNAH
and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and they to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly.
The Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) ended his farewell address by asking the people whether they thought that he had faithfully declared his Message and they responded in one voice ‘Yes!’. The he said;
Be my witness O Allah ,
That I have passed Your Message to Your people
As a final word he recited in the name of Allah the following Revelation;
This day I have perfected for you
And completed my favour unto you
And have chosen for you as a religion ISLAM
(The Table Spread Verse.3)