Not Wahhabis – Not Shiite Revolutionarries – Ahlus Sunnah

‘Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jama’ah is composed of three groups (theologically)

The Athariyyah and their Imam is Ahmad ibn Hanbal (ra).

The Asha’riyyah and their Imam is Abul-Hasan Al-Ash’ari (ra).

The Maaturidiyyah and their Imam is Abu Mansoor Al-Maaturidi (ra).’

(Imam Saffirini al-Hanbali as-Sufi (ra)

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Ahlus Sunnah. This is a broad straight path upon which there are different legitimate thoughts over which God knows best. Ahlus Sunnah is the group who are the real authentic Muslims, they follow the whole teaching of Islam as passed through authorized chains of transmission, originating with God, via Angel Gabriel and Muhammad (saws) and they follow the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah (The Holy Book and the Way of the Prophet (saws). The people of the majority stay with the Orthodox believing mainstream and follow the way upon which the great figures of Islam were on, such as…

  • the Holy Prophet (saws),
  • Hadhrat Abu Bakr (raa),
  • Hadhrat Umar al Khattab (raa),
  • Hadhrat Uthman ibn Affan (raa),
  • Hadhrat Ali ibn Abu Talib (raa),
  • Imam Hassan al Basri (raa),
  • Imam Zaid ibn Ali (raa),
  • Imam Jafar as Sadq (raa),
  • Imam Malik (raa),
  • Imam Abu Hanifa (raa),
  • Imam Shafi’i (ra),
  • Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (ra),
  • Imam Ashari (ra)
  • Imam Maturidi (ra),
  • Imam Tahawi (ra),
  • Iman Abu Yusuf (ra),
  • Imam Shaibani (ra),
  • Imam ibn al Qasim (ra),
  • Imam Ibn Wahb (ra),
  • Imam Sahnun (ra),
  • Imam Baqillani (ra),
  • Imam Ibn Abi Zayed (ra),
  • Imam Ibnul Arabi (ra),
  • Qadi Iyad (ra),
  • Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani (ra),
  • Sheikh Moinudeen Chisti (ra),
  • Imam Qurtubi (ra),
  • Imam Qarafi (ra),
  • Imam Nawawi (ra),
  • Imam Birgivi (ra),
  • Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi (ra),
  • Imam Saffarini (ra),
  • Shah Waliullah (ra),
  • Sheikh Muhammad Ali Sanusi (ra),
  • Sheikh Hajji Imdadullah (ra),
  • Bediuzzaman Said Nursu (ra),
  • and many, many, many others, both famous and less known…..

Ahlus Sunnah is the group of the vast majority of the historical and the modern Muslims, be they Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi or Hanbali in their school of the understanding of Divine Law. Most famous modern scholars are from Ahlus Sunnah, most modern Muslim groups represent Ahlus Sunnah and most Mosques are run by Ahlus Sunnah.

Some inspiring modern Sunni Figures

  • Sheikh Abdullah bin Bayyah online
  • Sheikh Abdul Hakim Murad
  • Sheikh Hamza Yusuf Hanson online

Those who cause trouble between real Muslims should beware of the following…

…you will not enter Paradise until you submit, and you will not submit until you love one another;

greet each other with peace and you will love one another;

and beware of hatred, for it is the razor;

It doesn’t shaves hair, it shaves away the religion.

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, 260)

Not Ahlus Sunnah but Muslim? 

There are some Muslims who are not Sunnis but are essentially like Sunnis in nearly all respects. These include the moderates amongst the Zaydis and other Shiah who neither curse the blessed companions nor go to other extremes, the moderates amongst the Ibadites who avoid extremes in their religion and some other Muslims who are not Sunnis but are essentially like them. God knows best about them.

Harmful and Misguided Groups

Confused and misguided ‘Muslim’ groups are a very small minority of the people claiming to be Muslims and it is best to stay well away from them, they include the following sects;

  1. The terrorist Kharijites who think that Islam is a religion of death and destruction.
  2. Extremist Pseudo-Sufis (who clearly go beyond the bounds of Divine Law in their beliefs and deeds) – real Islamic Sufis are on the Sunnah (e.g. Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani (ra),
  3. Extremist Modernists (who clearly go beyond the bounds of Divine Law in their beliefs and deeds),
  4. Extremist Pseudo-Salafis (who go into far-fetched extremes in their religion),
  5. Extremist Hadeeth Rejecters (who totally reject the Hadeeth narrations and reject much of the Sunnah of the Prophet),
  6. Extremist Takfiris of various orientations (Salafi/Sufi/Shiah) (who declare the masses of the believers to be disbelievers),
  7. Extremist Anthropomorphists (who go beyond all bounds in their comparing God to the created beings and fail to assert that Allah is beyond comparison or imagining),
  8. Batinites (Ismailis and all the misguided sects that sprang from them),
  9. Rafidites extremists (a misguided type of  Shiah Muslim who, among other things, curse the blessed Companions of the Prophet (saws),
  10. Nasibihs (those who hate Ali (raa) the beloved son-in-law and cousin of the Prophet (saws),
  11. Mutazlites (a “rationalist” sect that went into misguidance along with the sects that sprang from it),
  12. Qadianis (a pseudo Islamic sect that denies the Seal of Prophecy),
  13. Qadirites (free will absolutists – and the sects that sprang from them),
  14. Jabirites (deniers of human limited free will)
  15. Jahmites (who deny the limited free will of humans – and the sects that sprang from them),
  16. The limiters of God who say that He is encompassed by the creation when this is against the teaching of the Holy Quran.
  17. The Pantheists who think that God is mixed with His creation.
  18. Murijites (who downplay the importance of good deeds – and the sects that sprang from them).
  19. Extremist Feminists who claim to be Muslims yet who attack the religion and its followers unceasingly. A real Muslim feminist would not have such an attitude.
  20. Extremist ‘Gay Muslims’ who flaunt what they should hide if they are a Muslim and pretend that it is approved of by the religion when this is a distortion of the truth.
  21. Extremist Political people who put their politics over the values of their religion.
  22. Extremist Group Joiners who join groups (secret or open) that are hostile to their religion.
  23. Perrenialists who think all religions lead towards God.
  24. Grave worshippers – who ask from the dead, thinking that they have their own independent power and failing to realize that only God has power.
  25. Habashi AICP Cult – which claims represent Ahlus Sunnah but is in alliance with the enemies of Islam, causes deliberate fitna and distorts Sunni beliefs.

Wise Muslims avoid these groups and stay with the believers whose religion resembles that of the Prophet (saws) and his blessed Companions (ra).

The works of the following writers are either partly or fully misleading and harmful according to the views of Ahlus Sunnah and they cannot be considered true Islamic reference points…

  • Syed Ahmad Khan
  • Jamaludeen Afghani
  • Muhammad Abdu
  • “Maulana” Muhammad Ali
  • Mahmud Shaltut
  • Rashad Khalifa (Richard Caliph)
  • Ghulem Ahmed Pervez
  • Javed Ahmad Ghamidi

Who are the Disbelievers?

Allah knows who are the rightly guided claimants to Islam and who are the self deluded ones. Allah knows who are his favoured Muslims, who are the Muslims who are only struggling at the spiritual level and who are the hypocrites who pretend to be Muslims but only seek to harm Islam and the Muslims. We do not normally know this for sure with the people we may meet who call themselves Muslims, but we do know that if we stick to the majority group (Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaat) and follow its true learned scholars then we will avoid (God willing) the pitfals that many a piteous soul has fallen into.

Some complex issues are mentioned above. Sheikh Uthman dan Fodio (ra) explained that simple Muslims need need not be so much concerned with the complex issues of faith that may be beyond their understanding, rather they should adhere to the basic pillars of Islamic of faith (and they should adhere to sound scholars if they have access to them).

Attributes of God 

Basic Ashari Aqeedah 

Spiritual Realities

Reality is not what you choose it to be, but rather it is what God Has Created. People of a superficial outlook typically become dominated by their biological and psychological urges to obtain luxury, ease and power. In their quest for these things such people often lose touch with any higher reality, be it morality, humanity or spirituality and thus to them all the world seems a meaningless ferment and fellow Children of Adam (and animals) are thus harmfully seen as being either potential threats to be fought or appeased or prey to be exploited in some way. What a lowly state Satan has brought many of us into.

Happily it is that many people are not like this at all. These are the people who recognize the Signs of God and who live in worship to their Creator and love and mercy to their fellow beings. These wise men and women with a depth of spiritual perception have, from time immemorial, been explaining to people not to be overly dominated by this worldly life, because it is just a temporal and limited place and a testing ground for the human soul.

‘The world is an illusion, yet also a reality.’….

‘The world is without a (true) substance.

It is only a collection of happenings,

Which subside by God.’…

(Ahmad of Sirhind (ra)

The worldly existence, in reality, may be seen as a mere secondary existence that God Almighty has created as a place where Children of Adam may choose either to serve Him and follow the path of goodness or to prove themselves worthy only of punishment. Although it may seem real, concrete and eternal this Universe is in fact impermanent and God Almighty has not even created it to run on its own. Rather He is the constant Cherisher and Sustainer of the cosmos and the foundation of every ‘law’ of physics is His command of ‘Be!’…

’The present world is just a dream,

but the dreamer imagines it to be real.’

(Rumi (ra)

When we die only then do we awake to the true existence. After we Children of Adam pass away the veil of worldly existence that once surrounded us is lifted and we then see the spiritual realities that we have made for ourselves. These true realities are very beautiful for the best of people, very horrible for the worst of people and somewhere in between for the rest of the people, those who have mixed good and harmful deeds. Divine scriptures inform us that in the grave and in the hereafter there will be no opportunities to increase for us to increase our score of good deeds and therefore e this is why sensible people dedicate their lives in a quest to live a good and charitable life, whilst avoiding doing harm or breaking the Commandments that God as laid down for us. Ali ibn Talib (raa) advised the people to

‘Work for this life as if you will never die.

Work for the hereafter as if you know that you will die tomorrow.’

When we wisely follow the guidance the Divine Scriptures and the teachings of the Prophets, limit our desires to the realistic, avoiding sins and things leading to sins and doing our best to avoid harmfulness and seeking to be benevolent and we trust in God, the Creator, trusting that He wishes well for us and remembering that one who loves the Holy Prophet (may God bless him and give him peace) and God will one day be with those whom they love then God-willing we will have pleasant personal realities through our lives, through the rough and smooth of it, the hard and the gentle of it.

Reach out to your Creator

Hold on to God’s Mercy

the Handhold

that Doesn’t Break

Race each other to forgiveness

from your Lord

and a Garden as wide as the

Heavens and the Earth,

prepared for the dutiful

(Surah Imran 133)

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..Their Lord gives them good tidings of mercy from Him, and acceptance,

and Gardens where enduring pleasure will be theirs;

There they will abide for ever.

Lo! with God there is immense reward.

(Surah Taubah 21-2)

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And whoso does good works,

whether of male or female,

and he (or she) is a believer,

such will enter paradise

and they will not be wronged

the dint in a date- stone.

(Surah an Nisa 124)

Benevolence in Islam

Those who spend (of that which God has given them)

in ease and austerity,  those who control their wrath,

And are forgiving to human kind; God loves the good.’

(Holy Qur’an, Surah al Imraan, 134)

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‘..A kind word and forgiveness

is better than charity followed by injury.’

(Holy Qur’an, Surah al-Baqarah, 263)

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    None of you has faith until he loves for his brother or his neighbor what he loves for himself.

    (Sahih Muslim 1:72)

(Imam Nawawi (ra) explains that this refers to all people)

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Benevolence towards Human Beings. This is the valuing of human beings, their needs for actualization, well being and existence within an Islamic context . Islam says love your neighbour and indeed there are many Islamic sayings that promote agape, general mercy and the golden rule. The golden rule is a universal moral rule of moral conduct that has existed through the ages. It is a key to human moral and social well being that has come from the mouths of sages from every land, every civilization and every continent from the earliest times of written history onwards.

Most importantly for Muslims it was a principle mentioned several times by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saws) and is recorded in dozens of hadeeth, most notably it was even included in the Prophet’s farewell sermon in which he re-emphasized the most important things of the Revelations and guidance that God (the Merciful and Compassionate One) had sent through him (saws).

All wise and spiritually developed people live by this rule and never forget that a person should treat others considerately and according to how they would like to be treated by other. It is a wisdom that may often be heard coming from the mouths of children, yet which can be lost in a busy world and a hectic distracted life, but we must remember it as it is an essential basis for the well being of society. If we live by this rule will not only will the creatures (of different sorts) that we come into contact with benefit, but we ourselves will find immense rewards for it both of an emotional and interpersonal and a spiritual nature.

Mercy is a way of being that was taught beautifully by the Prophets and sages of Divine Religion it is a key value that every wise person should adopt and make a rule in their life. Mercy is the opposite of cruelty of any form and the opposite of violent extremism. A narration passes on the messages that the absence of mercy in a thing renders it defective, we must be very careful that we never render ourselves similarly defective.

Benevolence in Families. The family is the basis of safety and security and support of the individual in society. It is the cocoon in which future generations should be nurtured with mercy and warmth, the sub-unit of society that should be the first line of defense for the weak, the needy and the sick. Families consist not just of the nuclear family (wife-husband + children) but just as crucially the broader extended family structure in which elders are looked after and grown siblings and cousins and other relatives help each other. This should not be an issue of a family taking a predatory view of those not of the family, but rather a benevolent one, but one that does not deny the importance of family.

Benevolence Towards Elders. The Prophet (saws) and the sages of the religion treated old people with the utmost respect and consideration. Older people have the right to be treated well, with dignity, care and respect by younger generations and we forget this at our peril, not only will God judge us based upon how we treat elders but we too will probably one day become elders ourselves and we risk bring such low treatment against ourselves. Respect for the Elders is an important part of Islam. Wise people seek to be polite and considerate to elders in all reasonable ways.

One time Rumi was lecturing when he saw a young man seat himself in a way that was disrespectful an older man already present. Rumi responded by telling how in the past young men who had disrespected old ones had been punished by God and gave the allegory of how one time Angel Gabriel (as) delayed the Holy Prophet (saws) from the prayer so that Ali ibn Abu Talib (ra) could get to the Mosque on time. Ali (raa) had been late as he refused to overtake an old Jewish man on the footpath – due to his respect for elders.

Respect for the Elders is an important part of Islam. True believers strive to be polite and considerate to their elders in every reasonable way. An allegory is recounted in the Acts of the Adepts that one time Rumi was lecturing when he saw a distinguished young man seat himself in a way that disrespected an older man who was already there.

Rumi responded by telling how in the past young men who had disrespected old ones had been punished by God and an allegory of how one time the Angel Gabriel had delayed the Holy Prophet (saws) from the prayer so that Ali ibn Abu Talib (ra) could get to the Mosque on time, despite refusing to overtake an old Jewish man on the footpath out of his respect for elders – even though it nearly meant that he himself became late for the prayer as a result.

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Lo! men who surrender to God, and women who surrender

 

And men who believe and women who believe

 

And men who obey and women who obey

 

And men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth

 

And men who persevere and women who persevere

 

And men who are humble and women who are humble

 

And men who give alms and women who give alms

And men who fast and women who fast

 

And men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty)

 

And men who remember God much and women who remember God much

 

God has prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward.

(Surah Al-Azhab 35)

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…Fear God in your treatment of women,

 

as you have taken them (as wives)

 

(only) through the trust of God…..

(Muslim, Sahih)

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It is not proper for a believer to dislike his wife,

 

If he dislikes her behaviour in one respect

 

he should be happy with her on some other account.

(Muslim, Sahih)

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The most perfect in faith of the believers

 

is he most cordial in his disposition

 

and the best ones amongst you

 

are they who treat their wives most properly.

(Tirmidhi)

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‘Who amongst the people is most deserving of good treatment from me? He said; ‘Your mother’.

He asked; ‘Then who?’

The Prophet (may God bless him and give him peace) said; ‘Your mother’.

He asked ‘Then who?’

The Holy Prophet) said; ‘Your mother’.

He again said; ‘Then who?’

Thereupon the Holy Prophet

(may God bless him and give him peace)

said; ‘Your father.

(Sahih Muslim)

Benevolence Between Men & Women. The Prophet (saws) treated women well and with great consideration and respect. God has given the women an honoured place in creation, just as He has given them men one. Women must be treated well, with respect and given the chance to live good lives. Husbands must work to give their wives good lives and avoid domineering them – rather they should discuss things between them and come to decisions together.

Husbands should allow their wives to be the Amir of the household and respect them in this. People should always remember that Paradise lies at the foot of the mother not at foot of the father and so how ever much respect that is enjoined upon the children for their father, more so for their mother. Men too have rights to be respected and treated decently by others. They must must not be abused just as other people must not be abused. Wives should allow their husband to be the Amir of the family and respect them in this. Men should not be belittled or mistreated, nor should they have their rights taken from them by family, tribe or society.

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The creatures are the family of God –

 

Thus He is most dear to God of all people

 

who treats them kindly.

(Bayhaqi in al-Sha’b Narrated by Abu Hurayrah)

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Fear God in your treatment of the animals

 

Ride them properly and feed them properly

(Abu Da’ud, Sunan)

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Those who are kind and affectionate to God’s creatures,

He bestows His kindness and affection upon them.

 

Therefore show kindness to the dwellers of the earth

 

so that God may show mercy and kindness to you.

(Mishkaat)

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Benevolence Towards Animals. The Prophet treated animals well and they came to him with love and obedience. Animals share much with human beings. Animals have feelings and within reason we must work to save all animals from pain and suffering, they must seek to allow them to live happy lives and do nothing to harm them. Muslims are allowed to farm and to eat humanely produced halal meat, but they must not interfere with or harm other creatures and they must take utmost care of the well being of those creatures in their lives.  

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‘If a Muslim plants a tree or grow grains

and a bird, a person or an animal eats from

it will be counted as a charitable deed for him (each time).’

(Bukhari & Muslim)

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Benevolence and the Environment . God placed the human beings as vice-regents upon the Earth. We are here not only for our personal exam to see whether we shall deserve reward or punishment in the next life, but also to look after our home planet for future generations. Helping look after our world and our local environments is a pressing duty upon all of us.  The Prophet even established an area near Madinah where the cutting of trees and the killing of animals was forbidden, Muslims could do well to follow his example.

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Hold fast to the Rope of Allah, all together, and be not divided.

(Holy Qur’an, 3:103)

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  The diseases of the former peoples are creeping towards you,

(these are) envy and hatred and hatred is the razor

I do not say that it shaves hair, but rather it shaves the religion

and none of you has faith until he loves others;

shall I tell you what will establish that for you?

Spread peace between yourselves.

(Tirmidhi, Resurrection, 2510)

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    You will not enter the Paradise until you believe and you won’t believe until you love each other.

Shall I show you something that, if you did, you would love each other?

Spread peace between yourselves.

(Sahih Muslim, 1:96)

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Benevolence Between Muslims. This is crucial for the well being of the Muslim world. It is enjoined by God in many places. Non Sectarianism. This is the important wisdom of being a Sunni Muslim, not a this or a that, not a person wrapped up in any particular faction or leaning within Ahlus Sunnah to the exclusion of other parts of Ahlus Sunnah, but rather just to be a Muslim and tolerant of established and reasonable differences amongst the Sunni Muslims. This is the way of the wisest Muslims, whilst the way of the people of the argumentative, sectarian, partisan groups is the way of the Muslims of limited perception. The best Muslim help and support other people (and wish them well) be they Muslims or non-Muslims.

Benevolence in Politics. Politics is a game played by the people of the world. Some are involved in politics for their own base reasons, others are in politics because they have real ideals and want to make things better – most in politics have a mixture of these two motivations. Non-Muslims can rule their countries as they wish, it is between them and God, but wise Muslims accept that the Sovereignty belongs to God and they live and rule according to how He has instructed them, where there is not instruction from Him they must rule according to the general spirit and values of the true religion.  People get hung up on systems and waste a lot of time trying to change them – in the end they find nothing has changed because they only changed the system – not the way people think and behave. The best system in the world will produce only horror if it is being run by people who are evil due to their ignorance and amoral or immoral attitudes and behaviours, whilst the silliest system may produce a pleasant life, peace, security and positive spiritual influence if it is influenced by good wise people.